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教你1周駕馭1門外語的絕招

Source: babbel    2015-11-18  我要投稿   論壇   Favorite  

邁克爾和馬修是一對來自德國柏林的雙胞胎——兩兄弟沒有啥特屌炸天的技能,也就是會個……10國外語的技能吧~他倆做了一個小小的語言實驗:在一周掌握土耳其語可能嗎!事實證明,一周學會一門語言也不是什么異想天開的事情嘛!想知道這對雙胞胎是怎么做到的?看看他們分享給語言學習者的7個訣竅吧!

教你1周駕馭1門外語的絕招

1. Get To Know Why
明確學習目的

Clearly define your goal at the very beginning and then plot a route towards this goal’s achievement.
從一開始就給自己定下明確的目標,并且為達成目標設計一個循序漸進的計劃。

2. Get Sticky
堅持不懈

Map and label your immediate environment in the new language from the very first moment. You’ll build and reinforce associations passively while going about your daily life.
在你每天生活的直接環境里貼上含有你想要學習的新語言的地圖和標簽等。這樣你在日常生活中就能不知不覺的與這種語言建立聯系,并強化這種聯系。

3. Get A Partner
找一個學伴

There are few better motivations than a peer with the same goal. Whether you’re motivated by competition or a sense of mutual responsibility, the mere presence of a learning partner is likely to exert just the right amount of pressure to keep you on track.
沒什么比有一個目標一致的小伙伴更能激發你的斗志了。無論激發你的是競爭意識還是一種相互督促的責任心,這個學習小伙伴的存在本身就能發揮恰到好處的壓力,讓你按部就班的學下去。

4. Prepare Mini-Motivations
設置一些迷你的目標

You need landmarks on your route towards your goal. These landmarks can consist of small challenges - real life interactions in the language, for example - which force you to prepare areas of vocabulary to overcome them. The gratification that will come with their completion will serve to spur you on to ever greater heights.
在通向目的地的學習之路上,你需要設置一些里程碑。這種里程碑可以是一些小小的挑戰——比如在實際生活中用語言進行人際交流——這些小挑戰會督促你去準備特定類型的詞匯以攻克難關。而攻克難關的成就感會激勵你再接再厲,更上層樓。

5. Eat The Language
浸潤式學習

Find a way to tie everything you do to learning. Surround yourself with the food, the music and the films, so that even in your downtime you can prime your mind towards the language and perhaps trigger further areas of interest and motivation.
想辦法讓你做的每件事都能與學習相關。讓自己被與這種新語言相關的食物,音樂和電影包圍,這樣即使在你情緒不佳的時間里,你也可以將自己的注意力轉移到這種語言上,或許還能在新的領域激發你的學習興趣和學習目標。

6. Use What You Already Know
利用你已習得的知識

The greater the depth of processing, the more likely the information will be remembered. Find pleasure in drawing parallels and making comparisons between the language(s) you already know and your new language.
學習的進程中你挖得越深,知識點就記得越熟。你可以欣然的在自己熟知的語言和你想學習的新語言中尋找近義詞和類比詞。

7. Variation is the spice of life
多樣性是生活的調味料

So you have your route plotted and an idea of your favored methods, but do remember to try new things; your new language has just as many sources as your native language.
當你已經設計好了學習計劃,也選擇了自己最喜歡的學習方式,你還是應該不斷學習新的語言現象。正如你的母語有很多分支,你所學習的新語言也同樣如此!

Try something new every day. Listen to a cheesy song, read a newspaper article from a newspaper whose politics differ from your own, write a story for kids, attempt some improvised theatre and talk to yourself while cooking. Spice it up and add some flavour to your language learning!
每天都學些新東西吧!聽一首神曲,讀一篇報紙上的文章,體會一下這種與你不同的政治觀點,寫一篇兒童故事,來一段即興的戲劇表演,做飯時用這種外語跟自己聊聊天。用這些多樣的語言點給自己的生活增添樂趣,讓自己的語言學習充滿樂趣!


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